The UK is known for its greenery and fresh air, but depending on where you are, your surrounding geography could impact your health and life expectancy. Incontrovertibly, the healthiest cities in the United Kingdom have earned the title of “the best places” to settle down, hold a job, attend school, or raise a family.
Our study looks beyond appearances to find the 20 healthiest and least healthy cities in the UK. We analyzed factors such as air quality, admissions to hospitals, the number of cancer patients in the country, and others to determine which locations had the healthiest individuals overall.
By reviewing 12 key factors and completing a thorough analysis, we were able to determine the 20 healthiest areas for you to live and visit throughout the UK as well as areas with higher than average rates of illness and the potential for shortened life spans.
- South Hams ranks the highest above other areas thanks to low rates of alcohol and tobacco use, a low percentage of people with high blood pressure, and alcohol-related hospitalisations.
- Petersborough ranks lowest out of all cities in part due to high rates of self-reported kidney and liver disease (10.5%), mental health conditions (59.6%), and diabetes (38.5%).
- Ranking among the least healthy areas at number 15, Southampton has the highest number of admissions to hospitals where an alcohol-related condition was a primary or secondary diagnosis at a rate of 2275.8 per 100,000.
- Even though Lancaster has low rates of drug misuse (prevalance 1.9 per 1,000) and an active population (68.8% of adults are physically active), its heavy alcohol hospitalisations (681.1 per 100,000), percentage of people with cancer (23.1%) and percentage of people with diabetes (46.9%) weighs down its score.
- Hammersmith and Fulham report the worst air quality of any areas on either list at 9.1 PM2.5.
- Hartlepool has the most overweight population, with 74.6% of adults classified as overweight or obese.
- South Lakeland has the no lowest percentage of people affected with kidney and liver diseases, with a prevalance of 0.6%.
- The range between the best-ranked area, South Hams (80), and the worst-ranked city, Peterborough (40), is 40 points. This shows a large discrepancy between the quality of life and health across the UK.
- Drug misuse is highest in Hammersmith and Fulham, with seven offences per 1,000. It’s least common in West Oxfordshire (1.5 offences per 1,000).
The area with the best air quality is Allerdale at 4.2 PM2.5, which contrasts with Hammersmith and Fulham at 9.1 PM2.5.
(Annual Mean PM2.5 Concentration (Air Quality)
PM2.5 refers to fine particulate matter with a diameter of fewer than 2.5 micrometers.
Ranking of the Most and Least Healthy Areas in the UK
UK’s Top 20 Healthiest Areas
1. South Hams
Located on the south coast of Devon, South Hams ranks as our study’s healthiest area. It has a final score of 80 due in part to excellent scores across all categories, including the number of people who self-reported having diabetes (4.2%), cancer (2.6%), and kidney or liver diseases (1.1%). Those in South Hams also have higher activity rates, with 76.3% of adults reporting to be physically active.
South Hams benefits from being close to the ocean, keeping the air quality better at population-weighted annual mean of 5.9 PM2.5. Better air quality and regular exercise may help explain the lower rates of illness and alcohol-related hospital admissions (314.6 people per 100,000).
2. South Lakeland
South Lakeland is a close second to South Hams thanks to its great air quality, with an annual mean of PM 2.5 of 4.9. It also has an extremely low percentage of people with kidney and liver disease at 0.6% of the city’s population. 57.5% of adults in the region are classified as overweight or obese according their Body Mass Indenx (BMI).
This mountainous region of Northwest England has plenty of greenery to keep the air quality high, and the active adult population (73.6%) has low levels of diabetes (5.1%), drug misuse (1.8%), and cancer (2.1%). It’s called the “country’s biggest adventure playground” and is known for its natural beauty.
3. The Derbyshire Dales
The Derbyshire Dales is located in north-central England near Sheffield and ranks third with 76.3 points. The air quality is poorer than the top two cities at 6.2 PM2.5, and there is an increased number of adults over 18 who smoke amounting to 13.3% of the population.
Despite many hospital admissions with secondary diagnoses of alcohol-specific conditions (456.7 per 100,000 people) and 59.6% of adults being overweight or obese, this area has active adults, with 76% participating in some form of physical activity.
Eden is located in Cumbria in the north of England, and it’s a beautiful area surrounded by lakes and mountains. One reason it ranks fourth on this list is the great air quality in the region (4.5 PM2.5).
Potentially, as a result of these factors, there is a high number of physically active adults (75.8%), helping towards their being lower numbers of people with high blood pressure and mental health issues namely 10.3% and 5.4% of the population respectively.
The Richmondshire district in North Yorkshire is a beautiful region known for Aysgarth Falls, The Forbidden Corner, and several castles. It ranks fifth on our list, with a final score of 76.1 out of 80.
People living in Richmondshire have low rates of cancer (1.6%), diabetes (3.4%), and kidney and liver diseases (0.7 %).
There is also a relatively low number of alcohol-related hospital admissions (297 per 100,000), and low instances of mental health conditions (4.7%). The air quality (4.7 PM2.5) may be part of the reason that 72.8% of adults persist in being physically active.
6. Royal Tunbridge Wells
At number six, Royal Tunbridge Wells is a charming town in Kent, England, just around 30 miles from London. The largely pedestrianised town keeps people active, with 72.2% of adults keeping physically active. This may explain a relatively low overweight/obesity rate of 58.7%.
People in Royal Tunbridge Wells also report low percentages of kidney and liver disease (0.9%) and drug misuse (1.6 offences per 1,000). Additionally, the number of people with diabetes is presently 4.9%, which may in part be due to 67.7% of the population eating at least five portions of fruits and vegetables.
7. Richmond upon Thames
Richmond upon Thames is a residential district that borders the Thames River. Ranking seventh on our list, it has a high final score of 75.3 due to low levels of cancer (3.1% of the population), kidney and liver diseases (1.2% of the population), diabetes (3.9% of the population), smokers (8.2% of adults), and BMIs classified as overweight or obese (45.5%).
The active lifestyle of those in the district means 70.4% of adults are physically active, and over half (64.4%) eat at least five portions of fruits and vegetables as a part of their well-rounded diet.
Sevenoaks is just outside Greater London in a scenic setting. It has gardens, local shops, fields, castles, and more. It is a charming area and ranks high on this list with 75.3 points out of 80.
Taking eighth place, Sevenoaks has a physically active adult population (70.4%) and low smoking rates over 18 (4.8%). It also has a low percentage of reports of cancer (3.3%), liver and kidney diseases (1.9%), mental health conditions (8.1%), and BMIs classified as overweight or obese (55.3%).
The borough of Waverly ranks ninth on our list with 75.1 out of 80 possible points. Waverly scores highly for several reasons, including low incidences of drug misuse (1.5 offences per 1,000), high blood pressure (16.6%), kidney and liver diseases (1.6%), and mental health conditions (9.8%).
Only a little over half of the population reports having a BMI that put them in the overweight or obese category (56.7%), which may be related to the fact that 78.4% of adults say they’re physically active.
Harrogate, a tourist destination, made it into the top 10 on our list thanks to earning 75 points on our 80-point scale. This spa town in North Yorkshire has good air quality (5.5 PM 2.5), which may be why the town has a high percentage of active adults (73.9%). 62.7% of adults say they eat at least five portions of fruits and vegetables daily, which may correlate with the low number of people with kidney and liver disease (1.2%).
The percentage of admissions to the hospital for alcohol-related diagnoses is 390.5 per 100,000, and drug misuse involves 2.3 offences per 1,000. These favorable findings may explain the low prevalence of mental health conditions (9.6%).
Elmbridge, eleventh place with 74.1 points - is an affluent area that borders Greater London, popularly known for having picturesque countryside and multiple tourist destinations.
People in the region have extremely low rates of kidney and liver disease (0.7%), mental health conditions 9.1%), and diabetes (3.1%). Approximately 59.7% of adults manage to eat at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily, and 72.7% are physically active. This healthier lifestyle may explain why there is a low percentage of people reporting cancer (3.2%), drug offences (2.8 out of 1,000), and BMIs classified as being overweight or obese (50.8% of the population).
Rutland is a ceremonial county located in the East Midlands. It’s famous for having the largest manmade lake in the United Kingdom within its boundaries, attracting daily walkers and hikers, explaining the finding of 74% active adults.
Perhaps due to that activity level, there are low rates of high blood pressure (13.9% of the population), kidney and liver diseases (1.3%), mental health conditions (11% of the population), and diabetes (6.3% of the population). There is also a high percentage of people who eat at least five portions of fruits and vegetables (64.9%).
Allerdale is another non-metropolitan district within Cumbria, England. The area falls within the Lake District, a beautiful region with mountains, lakes, and abundant nature.
The rural aspects of this region will account for the high quality air compared to other areas at 4.2 PM2.5. This healthier air quality may be one reason why adults are more active in Allerdale, with 73.2% of adults participating in physical activities. Higher levels of activity may be a factor in the lower levels of mental health conditions (7.9%), body mass indices (BMIs) classified as overweight or obese (57.8%), and cancer (3.3%).
Craven, a non-metropolitan district in North Yorkshire, ranked 14th on our list with 73.4 points. It ranks high due to a low percentage of people reporting mental health conditions (12%), kidney and liver diseases (1.7%), drug use (2.2%), and being overweight or obese (55%).
It also has good air quality (4.9 PM2.5) thanks to it being a rural area, which again explain why there is a high percentage of physically active adults (72.1%).
15. West Oxfordshire
With 73.4 points, West Oxfordshire ranks at number 15 on our list of the healthiest areas in the UK. West Oxfordshire’s district contains towns such as Burford, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, and it is home to Blenheim Palace, the Cotswold Wildlife Parks and Gardens, and Chastleton House.
Tourist activities and a rural landscape lend well to activity, and 70.5% of adults in West Oxfordshire are physically active. There are relatively low rates of individuals classified as overweight or obese (56.3% of the population) and low rates of kidney and liver disease (1.4%). Perhaps because it is an agricultural area, 65.8% of adults report eating at least five portions of fruits and vegetables daily.
16. Bath and Northeast Somerset
Bath and Northeast Somerset are known for their historical buildings and Roman baths.
A tourist destination, the area ranks 16th on our list with a score of 73.2 points. There is a high activity rate among people in this region, with 70.5% of adults staying physically active. That activity may be why there are low instances of drug misuse (1.7%) and kidney and liver disease (1.4%). The percentage of people over 18 who smoke is 9.7%, which may contribute to lower rates of cancer (3.2%).
17. West Devon
Bordering the Bristol Channel and home to many of the farmlands supporting England, West Devon is in our top 20 with a ranking of 17 based on 73.1 points out of 80. West Devon scores in the top 20 thanks to a high percentage of adults who stay physically active (75.5%).
The air quality in West Devon is also good at 5.7 PM2.5, and the percentage of people with kidney and liver diseases is also low at 1.5%. The reduced incidence of kidney and liver disease may be linked to lower hospital admissions for alcohol-related diagnoses in this region (369.5 per 100,000).
Ranking 18th on our list, Hambleton, a village and civil parish in Rutland, collected 73.1 points out of 80. It scored well for air quality (5.1 PM2.5) and has a relatively low percentage of people 18 and older who smoke (10.7%). Those two factors could help to explain in part why there is a low percentage of people who reported having cancer (3.4%).
Within its village, Hambleton shows low kidney and liver disease (1.3%), and adults tend to stay active (69.5%). 63.2% of adults also reported eating at least five portions of fruit and vegetables, which correlates with a healthier lifestyle.
19. North Hertfordshire
North Hertfordshire is a rural area with multiple villages and towns. It is home to Hitchin Lavender, the Knebworth House, and Royston Cave.
This area is close to several major regions and cities, including Bedfordshire, Greater London, Essex, and Cambridgeshire, which explains its slightly poorer-than-usual air quality (7.6 PM2.5) than other rural areas.
Despite that, the region has a low number of self-reported smokers (9.5%), and that is reflected in low rates of cancer (3%). There are also low rates of kidney and liver disease (1.2%) and diabetes (6.5%), which could be linked to a low percentage of people being overweight or obese (55.5%) and a high percentage of physically active adults (70.7%).
Overall, North Hertfordshire ranks 19th on our top 20 list.
20. South Oxfordshire
At the bottom of our top 20 list is South Oxfordshire. This region covers nearly 260 square miles and reaches from the edge of the City of Oxford to Reading in the south. Its four primary towns include Thame, Wallingford, Henley, and Didcot. This region is primarily rural, which may account for the high percentage of physically active adults (72.4%).
As a result of a more active lifestyle and low admissions to hospitals for alcohol-related diagnoses (365.3 per 100,000), only 1.2% report having kidney and liver diseases.
People in this rural area also tend to eat fruit and vegetables, with 60.7% of the population getting at least five portions.
UK’s 20 Least Healthy Areas
Topping the list as the least healthy area of the United Kingdom, Peterborough finds itself lackluster due to poor air quality with high levels of PM2.5. Its mean is 7, which could contribute to other findings, such as the high cancer rate (28.7% of the population in the city).
Why is the air quality poor? Traffic, livestock manure, industrial emissions, and wood burners all play a role in the poorer-than-average air quality that sits above the level set by the World Health Organisation (WHO). Perhaps in part due to the poor air quality, only a little over half of all adults in the city are physically active, 57.4% of the population, and 60.7% of adults are overweight or obese based on the BMI index.
Gosport is a town in England that ranks in the bottom 20 least healthiest areas of the United Kingdom. It receives a poor score of 50.9 out of 80 with a high percentage of people reporting cancer (9%) and a high prevalance of adults who smoke (11.1%).
Alcohol is a problem in this community, with 765.7 hospital admissions per 100,000 for alcohol-related illnesses as a primary or secondary condition. Approximately a third of the town has diabetes (35.4%), and 71% of the population is overweight or obese.
Portsmouth, a naval base and port city, makes the bottom 20 for a few reasons. Scoring just 52.1 points out of 80, the area has very high rates of alcohol-related hospitalisations (990.5 people per 100,000).
There is also a comparatively significant drug problem, with 4.9 drug-related offences per 1,000. Both of those issues bring down Portsmouth’s score, but others also stand out — 37.4% of people report mental health conditions, 65.4% are classified as overweight or obese, and 18.4% have diabetes.
Liverpool is a bustling city and metropolitan space. It is there that the Irish Sea joins with the River Mersey. It’s scenic and best known as the hometown of the Beetles…but it ranks poorly on this list scoring only 52.6 points out of 80.
One of the major issues in Liverpool is a high percentage of adult smokers (17.8%), and drug misuse offences (14.3 per 1,000).
Additionally, 65.9% of the population is either overweight or obese, which is potentially connected to 9.9% of the population having diabetes, and 16.4% having high blood pressure. With 36.4% of the population reporting mental health conditions, this data further pulls Liverpool’s ranking.
5. Kingston upon Hull
Located on the northern side of the River Hull, Kingston upon Hull is a scenic region near the Humber Estuary. The air quality, however, is not good at 7.6 PM2.5, and many people in the city smoke (22% of the population over 18). The high rate of smoking and drinking (858.3 per 100,000 are admitted to hospital for diagnoses related to alcohol) could be linked to the high percentage of people with cancer (5.8%) and high blood pressure (27.6%).
Further reducing the score is the overweight/obesity rate (70.7%) and the number of people with mental health conditions (26.6%).
Knowlsley ranks near the bottom of the list with 54.4 points due to poor air quality (8.1 PM2.5), high numbers of smokers over 18 (16%), and alcohol-related hospital admissions (1,145.4 per 100,000).
Knowsley is in the northwest, and 54.2% of adults say they’re physically active, 19.3% report high blood pressure, and 74% report being overweight or obese.
A cathedral city in South West England, Gloucester is scenic as it lies along the River Severn. It does not rank well in terms of health, however, scoring only 54.8 out of 80 points.
The city struggles with its score due to poor air quality (7.8 PM2.5), high rates of smoking (19.4% of adults), and many alcohol-related hospitalisations (831.8 per 100,000). Around a quarter of the population reports mental health concerns (26.1%), and 72.1% is overweight or obese. High BMI reports could be linked to increased rates of diabetes (18.8%) and high blood pressure (31.3%).
A seaside resort in Lancashire, Blackpool has plenty of tourist attractions and is the home of Blackpool F.C. It’s known for its beaches and Blackpool Tower, but it doesn’t rank high on our list. The air quality is poor at 7.9 PM2.5, and alcohol-related admissions to hospitals are a startling 1,282 per 100,000.
In terms of health, 70.5% of people are classified as overweight or obese, and only 55.9% of adults say they are physically active. 44.7% admit they fail to get five portions of fruit and vegetables, and incidences of diabetes are high at 10.3%. High blood pressure is seen in 21.9% of the population, and cancer is relatively high at 4.1% of the population.
In the East Midlands, Nottingham is perhaps most recognisable because of the legend of Robin Hood. This city in central England doesn’t score well for health, though, as it collects only 55.9 points out of 80.
Part of Nottingham’s low score comes from the poor air quality of 8 PM2.5, high incidences of alcohol-related hospital admissions (795.3 per 100,000, and the percentage of people misusing drugs (6.6%).
Over half of the population states they have a mental health condition (53.1%), and 66.9% admit to being overweight or obese. Poor health in this community could be linked to a lack of good nutrition (only 50.1% of people get five portions of fruits and vegetables or more) and unusual drug and alcohol use.
10. Great Yarmouth
Often simply referred to as Yarmouth, Great Yarmouth is a seaside town in Norfolk. It falls into our bottom 20 rankings due to its poor score 56.5. Why does this scenic area score so low?
It has a particularly high number of hospitalisations related to alcohol-specific diagnoses (622.8 per 100,000), and there are a high number of drug offences, as well (4.4 offences per 1,000).
Well over two-thirds of the population is classified as overweight or obese (68.7%), which could be linked to the high percentage of people with diabetes (18.5%) and high blood pressure (37%). Additionally, approximately 32.9% of people say they have a mental health condition, and there are high cancer rates within the town (7.6%).
With only 56.8 points out of 80, Harlow ranks among the least healthy areas in the UK. Part of the reason for the low score is poor air quality — Harlow received an 8 PM2.5. Currently, there is no air quality management area in Harlow, however if the levels exceed government standards, they have an action plan to create an air quality management area. Unfortunately, in addition to the poor air quality, 20.5% of adults admit to smoking.
Harlow also scores low on the list due to high rates of body mass indexes (BMIs) classified as overweight or obese (73.5%) and a low percentage of physically active adults (60.4%). Over a quarter of the population has high blood pressure (26.8%), and 11.6% have diabetes.
Lancaster ranks in the bottom 20 with a score of 57.1 for a few reasons, one of which is a high number of hospital admissions for alcohol-related diagnoses (681.1 out of 100,000).
Additionally, a shocking 46.9% of the population lives with diabetes — this statistic could be linked to high BMIs, with 66.1% of the population classifying as overweight or obese. 53.2% of adults admit to not getting at least five portions of fruits and vegetables. Sadly, cancer also affects the score, with 23.1% of people reporting cancer.
13. Hammersmith and Fulham
Also among the bottom 20 least healthy areas in the UK are Hammersmith and Fulham. It scores just 57.6 out of 80 due to poor air quality (9.1 PM2.5) and many hospital admissions for alcohol-related diagnoses (818.9 per 100,000).
Nearly half the population reports having a mental health condition (49.4%), and there is an unusually high percentage of people with kidney and liver diseases (14.5%).
Known for Southampton F.C., Southampton City Art Gallery, and the Solent Sky Museum, Southampton draws in tourists. However, it doesn’t rank well based on this study and scores only 57.8 points out of 80.
It falls into the bottom 20 for a few reasons, including an excessive number of hospital admissions for a primary or secondary diagnosis of an alcohol-related condition at a rate of 2,275.8 per 100,000. The air quality in the city is poor, sitting at 7.8 PM2.5, which could be linked to only 64.8% of the adult population staying physically active, compromising on outdoor activities.
Southampton also struggles with a population that is overweight or obese (65%), dealing with mental health conditions (20.5%), and other health concerns, including diabetes (11.5%) and high blood pressure (21.3%).
Hartlepool is another seaside port town located in the north of England. The cool temperatures there may help explain why it ranks so low, with only 57.9 points. Only 51.3% of adults are physically active in this town, and many turn to alcohol — 886.5 out of 100,000 are admitted to hospital for alcohol-specific conditions as primary or secondary diagnoses.
Less than half the population says they get at least five portions of fruits and vegetables (49.3%), which is reflected in the fact that 74.6% of the population is overweight or obese.
Melton is a borough of Leicestershire, and it’s home to Twinlakes Park, Belvoir Castle, and Belvoir Brewery. The area does see high rates of people with cancer (12.5% of the population), high blood pressure (56.4%), and diabetes (14.1% of the population).
Both can be linked to being overweight or obese, which is true for 58.4% of the population. Most people (60.6%) don’t eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables, which may also contribute to the population’s poor health.
York falls into the bottom 20 for several reasons. This Cathedral city has high rates of admissions to hospitals for alcohol-related illnesses at 683 per 100,000.
It also has an extremely high number of people with mental health conditions (49.8% of the population). Approximately half of the population lives with high blood pressure (53.6%), which may be attributed to diet — only 58.3% of people say they get at least five portions of fruits and vegetables to eat. Additionally, 8.6% of the population reports developing cancer, and 63.6% are overweight.
18. Telford and Wrekin
In Telford and Wrekin, 7.1% of the population reports developing cancer, which some attribute to smoking (13.7% of the population) and poor lifestyle choices.
There are also large numbers of people with mental health conditions (28.8%) and many who are overweight or obese (70.6%). Only 61% of the adult population states they are physically active, and around half get five servings of fruits and vegetables (51.1%). A lack of exercise, poor mental health, and poor diets may be why 38.2% of people have high blood pressure and 22.5% live with diabetes.
In the West Midlands, densely populated Sandwell scored 58.9 out of 80 points in our study due to high drug misuse (5.2 offences per 1,000) and diabetes (12.1% of the population).
The high rate of diabetes may be tied to a lack of healthy eating, which is evidenced by only 47.4% of people saying they eat at least five portions of fruits and vegetables. Around a quarter of this population has high blood pressure (24.9%), and only 59.9% are active. Most adults (70.8%) are considered overweight or obese in Sandwell.
Mansfield, the home of Sherwood Forest, received a final score of 59.1 out of 80, making it fall just inside the bottom 20 least healthy places to live in the UK.
It scores poorly due to a high number of admissions to hospitals for alcohol-related illnesses as primary or secondary conditions (705.6) and the percentage of the population with diabetes (12.9%). Around a fifth of the population has high blood pressure (22.4%), and 67.6% report being overweight or obese. This could be linked to low activity levels among adults — only 60.5% are physically active in Mansfield.
Annual Mean PM2.5 Concentration (Air Quality)
PM2.5 refers to fine particulate matter with a diameter of fewer than 2.5 micrometers. It can be produced by various sources, such as power plants, industrial processes, and transportation. The concentration of PM2.5 in a geographical region indicates the level of air pollution in that area. High levels of PM2.5 can significantly impact human health, including respiratory and cardiovascular problems.
Data is taken from The Office for National Statistics for the latest year available.
Current Smoking Adults
According to the Office for National Statistics, The percentage of persons aged 18+ who are self-reported smokers in the Annual Population Survey. The data is of the latest available year.
Admissions to hospitals where the primary diagnosis or any secondary diagnoses are alcohol-specific, per 100,000, according to the Office for National Statistics for the latest available year.
Percentage of weighted number of people with cancer (self-reported) from GP patient survey. Data is taken from the Office for National Statistics for the latest available year.
Percentage of weighted number of people with diabetes (self-reported) from GP patient survey. Data is taken from the Office for National Statistics for the latest available year.
According to the Office for National Statistics, from recorded crime data by the Community Safety Partnership area, the drug-related offences for the latest year available.
Healthy Eating Habit
The weighted number of respondents aged 16 and over, with valid responses to questions on fruit and vegetable consumption, eating at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables in the previous day. Data is from the Office for National Statistics for the latest year available.
High Blood Pressure
Percentage of weighted number of people with high blood pressure (self-reported). Data is taken from the Office for National Statistics for the latest available year.
Kidney and Liver diseases
Percentage of weighted number of people with kidney and liver disease from GP patient survey. Data is taken from the Office for National Statistics for the latest available year.
Adults with Mental Health Problems
Percentage of a weighted number of people with at least one mental health condition from GP patient surveys. Data is taken from the Office for National Statistics for the latest available year.
Overweight and Obesity
Number of adults aged 18+ with a body mass index (BMI) classified as overweight (including obese), according to the Office for National Statistics for the latest available year.
A weighted number of respondents aged 19 and over, with valid responses to questions on physical activity, doing at least 150 moderate intensity equivalent minutes of physical activity per week in bouts of 10 minutes or more in the previous 28 days from the Office for National Statistics for the latest year available.